SOCIETY AND RELIGION
Rybakov S.V. About the essence of faith
Abdullaev M.H. Studying a religious group in a foreign environment: the case of the Muslim community of Baltimore and Maryland (USA) (Part 1)
Ternovaya L.O. Priests at the top of state power: time, place, mission
Geng Biao, Alekseev-Apraksin A.M. Confucianism in the daily life of modern China
Kadyshev А.S. (Hegumen Anthony) Active charity of the Russian Orthodox Church in the context of the HIV / AIDS epidemic
Kuzmicheva A.A. The spiritual formation of urban youth in the framework of Orthodox volunteering
Abdullaev M.H. Studying a religious group in a foreign environment: the case of the Muslim community of Baltimore and Maryland (USA) (Part 2)
PHILOSOPHY, SOCIOLOGY: ACTUALITY AND INNOVATION
Archpriest Dmitri Leskin Formation of a teacher’s outlook as a strategic task of state policy in the field of education
Ternovaya L.O. “Blue gold” of the planet: the water dimension of culture, religion, economy and geopolitics
Alekseeva A.G. The historiography of the problems of family-marriage relations of the indigenous peoples of Siberia
Nazlukhanov D.V. The ideological complex of the ecological movement in modern Russian society
Ravochkin N.N. Pragmatic foundations of political and legal institutions functioning
Mazyaeva E.A., Smetankina L.V. Features of formation and dynamics of value orientations of students of cadet corps in relation to the system of values of officers-educators
Radchenko V.A., Chilikin I.A. Improving the management of innovation processes in the social sphere, taking into account the peculiarities of the external environment
Shishkin N.E. Coverage of foreign cinema on the pages of the magazine “Soviet Screen” during perestroika
About the essence of faith
The article analyzes the essence of religious faith, considers its significance and place in the human consciousness. The connection of faith with ideas about sacred values is shown. The question of the role of faith in the system of atheistic views is raised.
Key words: faith, religion, sacred values, atheism.
Studying a religious group in a foreign environment: the case of the Muslim community of Baltimore and Maryland (USA) (Part 1)
The article is devoted to the study of the religious community of Muslims in Baltimore and the State of Maryland, one of the largest regions of the United States in terms of the number of Islam followers. The author focuses on the empirical part of the study based on the results of the field research, the foundations of the functioning and development vectors of the Muslim community.
This article is the result of the author's direct presence in places of empirical measurements, his travels around the specified state, visits to religious centers of Muslims, mosques, Islamic cultural and educational institutions in the city of Baltimore and a number of other districts of Maryland, including those of interstate importance, uniting Muslims from neighboring states such as Virginia, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, etc.
The empirical part of the study, which is the key one, is preceded by its theoretical justification, which is explained not only by the requirements for such articles that have developed in academic science, but also by the need to demonstrate the lack of study and insufficient theoretical basis for the research of modern religious communities in a foreign environment.
Key words: Islam in the USA, Muslims in the USA, religious community, Muslim community, religion studies.
Priests at the top of state power: time, place, mission
The article considers examples of the ascetic activities of clergy at the top of state power. A few examples of cardinals Richelieu, Mazarin and the Cypriot president, Archbishop Makarios III, confirm the regularity of the nomination to such posts not only of believers, but of those with church rank. These patterns reflect an aggravated domestic and foreign political situation, the need to establish internal and external peace, for which the state and society from the leader need not only experience and intelligence, but also a willingness to take decisive actions, understood as their own mission.
Key words: religion, power, public service, theocracy, papocaesarism, personality.
Confucianism in the daily life of modern China
Religion is one of the ancient forms of spiritual culture, which in the modern world still has a powerful and significant impact on various spheres of social life, as it did in the early centuries. A striking example of this influence is the introduction of Confucianism as a state ideology, which strengthened the national consciousness of the Chinese civilization. The article is devoted to the influence of Confucianism on the daily life of the modern Chinese.
The authors pays attention to the study of Chinese food culture, modern family ethics and the direction of development of the modern tourism industry in China.
Confucian values today direct the impetuous impulse of innovative technologies in the right direction and clearly, in accordance with moral and ethical social criteria, contribute to the harmonization of the development of modern Chinese society. Confucianism creates a balance between traditional and innovative forces. Thanks to this, the development of modern Chinese society becomes more stable and harmonious. The authors shows that Confucianism plays an important role in the daily life of the modern Chinese people.
As traditional Chinese philosophy, Confucianism is a «study of life», it is not only a game of the concept, not only scientific research, not only an object of objective knowledge, but also the embodiment of all this in life. Moreover, in modern China, the significance of Confucianism is no longer to serve politics and national governance, but rather to maintain the cultural uniqueness of the Chinese nation and the inheritance and development of traditional Chinese culture.
Key words: Confucianism, etiquette, yin and yang, harmony, filial piety, humanity, Chinese tourism.
Kadyshev А.S. (Hegumen Anthony)
Active charity of the Russian Orthodox Church in the context of the HIV / AIDS epidemic
The article examines the need for spiritual care for HIV-infected people in the context of the expanding HIV/AIDS epidemic. It is insisted that when planning care for people infected with HIV, it is necessary to take into account that the patient's condition is influenced not only by medical, but also by social, spiritual and moral aspects and circumstances of life. A special place among them belongs to spiritual experiences of a person, which during a spiritual crisis can cause not only spiritual disasters, but also "rebirth" of a person, as a result of which a person turns to God. The article examines the origins and origin of diseases and their causes in the light of biblical concepts; the teaching about the meaning of suffering and illness as a reason for a person to look closely at their sins and turn to God; the teaching about healing and mercy as a form of direct communication with God and imitation of Him, and, at the same time, as a saving feat of atonement for their sins. The article provides information about the role of the Church as a hospital for human souls.
Key words: Jesus Christ, spiritual experiences, HIV, sin, punishment, compassion, soul, atonement, the nature of the disease, repentance, death.
The spiritual formation of urban youth in the framework of Orthodox volunteering
The article presents the concept of Orthodox social work,its features at the present stage of development are highlighted, the process and organization of teaching in the Orthodox school of social service is studied.The results of a sociological study of the training of young Orthodox volunteers are presented,recommendations to increase the number of young people participating in social service are presented.
Key words: institute of religion, social service, spiritual formation, Orthodox youth, orthodox education center, missionista, catechism, Orthodox school.
Studying a religious group in a foreign environment: the case of the Muslim community of Baltimore and Maryland (USA) (Part 2)
The article is a continuation of the author's previous publication devoted to the study of the Muslim religious community of Baltimore and Maryland, one of the largest regions in the United States in terms of the number of followers of Islam. The proposed part of the study provides a modern picture of development of the Muslim community in Maryland, including the current political, religious, sociocultural processes, the shifts in the society understanding of key democratic principles, as well as through the prism of recent events, associated with a new wave of racism, discrimination, hostility and hate speech against certain racial, national and religious groups.
The author does not ignore the political part of the issue, examines the prerequisites and current trends in the political activity of followers of Islam, including in connection with the upcoming presidential elections in the United States in November this year.
Also, the author formulates a number of conclusions that are an attempt to explain the complex processes taking place with American Muslims not only in Maryland but also on a national scale.
Key words: Islam in the USA, Muslims in the USA, religious community, Muslim community, religion studies.
Archpriest Dmitri Leskin
Formation of a teacher's outlook as a strategic task of state policy in the field of education
Over the past decades, the education system, despite its traditional and natural conservatism, conditioned by the vocation to systematically and orderly broadcast the thousand-year-old human experience both in Russia and around the world, has undergone a huge number of reforms and transformations. In fact, the educational structure is changing before our very eyes, as a result of which we are now in a permanent situation of reassessing everything and everyone.
Key words: strategy, teachers, tasks, state, worldview, formation.
"Blue gold" of the planet: the water dimension of culture, religion, economy and geopolitics
From the very first steps of their existence, people realized how great their dependence on the forces of nature. Each new period in history was another step in the development of natural elements. At the same time, for a long time, a person did not lose his initial reverent attitude towards water, air, earth or fire. Religion helped people to preserve it, and, consequently, to preserve the most important life baggage. Water was considered sacred in many religious traditions. Religion, supporting the customs and traditions associated with water, helps to preserve it as a most valuable natural resource.
Key words: elements of nature, water, religion, floating church, mythology, customs, traditions.
The historiography of the problems of family-marriage relations of the indigenous peoples of Siberia
The article is devoted to the history of the study of traditional family and marriage relations of the indigenous peoples of Siberia, in the period from the middle of the XIX century until now. On the example of pre-revolutionary (G.N. Potanin, V.I. Verbitsky, N.F. Katanov), Soviet (L.P. Potapov) and modern (N.O. Tadysheva) studies, author observed the most studied aspects of this problem (typology of forms families, methods of marriage, the sacred semantics of marriage relations expressed in rituals, the traditional worldview in the mirror of wedding rites).
Key words: research, the indigenous peoples of Siberia, traditions, culture, marriage, family.
The ideological complex of the ecological movement in modern Russian society
The article examines the specificity of the ideological complex of the Russian ecological movement, which consists in its diversity and in the functioning of ideological hybrids of eco-patriotism, eco-conservatism, eco-socialism, etc. The activity of environmental organizations is analyzed, which is mainly aimed at constructive cooperation with state and social institutions, as well as business representatives to ensure the solution of environmental problems.
Key words: ideology, ecological movement, eco-patriotism, eco-conservatism, eco-anarchism, eco-socialism.
Pragmatic foundations of political and legal institutions functioning
The specificity of political and legal institutions as structures that set and determine the vectors of social development predetermines the appeal to their pragmatic foundations. Through an appeal to the concepts of the classics, the ideological utilitarian foundation of pragmatic foundations is considered. Further, the author turns to examples showing the instrumental capabilities of the institutions under consideration in solving applied problems. At the end of the work, the decisive role of political and legal institutions in the modernization development of societies is proved.
Key words: political and legal institutions, pragmatism, politics, law, society, context.
Features of formation and dynamics of value orientations of students of cadet corps in relation to the system of values of officers-educators
The article presents a socio-philosophical analysis of the structure and dynamics of value orientations of cadets of one of the cadet corps of the Ministry of Defense of the South of Russia. The results of the author's study of the formation and change of the axiological system of cadets in the process of training and upbringing through the prism of the values of cadet education and the value orientations of the officers-educators of the corps are reflected, and also, the place of patriotism in the structure of the value orientations of the modern cadet, as a carrier and successor of traditional views and attitudes, is determined. characteristic of the Russian army.
Key words: values, value orientations of cadets, axiological system, terminal and instrumental values, patriotism, values of cadet training and education.
Improving the management of innovation processes in the social sphere, taking into account the peculiarities of the external environment
The article considers the issues of improving the management of innovative processes in the social sphere of a modern Russian enterprise in a constantly changing external environment, ensuring the effectiveness of management of innovative processes in the social sphere, and also suggests possible ways to solve them.
Key words: social sphere, innovation processes, external environment of the enterprise, insurance company.
Coverage of foreign cinema on the pages of the magazine "Soviet Screen" during perestroika
In the mid-1980s, the “new thinking” proclaimed by the initiators of perestroika and the subsequent fall of the “iron curtain” required the magazine "Soviet Screen" to change its approaches to assessing the film process, including the world one. Bourgeois cinema, which for a long time was a "vague object" of ideological exposure for Soviet viewers and critics, has ceased to be such. The editors of the popular film magazine were faced with the task of eliminating spectator illiteracy with regard to previously banned film production and overcoming their own inferiority complex, which has political, social and professional roots. In this article, the author examines how, over the past five years of the existence of the USSR, on the pages of the magazine "Soviet Screen", under the influence of social processes, the approaches to the coverage of foreign cinema, primarily Western, have changed.
Key words: Soviet film criticism, "perestroika" film criticism, the magazine "Soviet screen", bourgeois cinema.
Abdullaev M.H., PhD (Cand. of Sci.). Expert at Agency for Strategic Communication (Moscow). Member of American Political Science Association (APSA / Washington DC, USA).
Alekseev-Apraksin A.M., Doctor of Culturology, Professor of UNESCO Department of Comparative Studies of Spiritual Traditions, the Specificity of Their Cultures and Interreligious Dialogue, Associate Professor of the Department of Culturology, Philosophy of Culture and Aesthetics of St. Petersburg State University.
Alekseeva A.G., Associate of the St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation.
Archpriest Dmitri Leskin, Doctor of Philosophical Science, Professor, Rector of the Volga Orthodox Institute of St. Alexis, Metropolitan of Moscow, Member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation.
Chilikin I.A., Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor of the Department of Management West-Moscow Region Institute of Tourism - a branch of the Russian International Academy of Tourism.
Geng Biao, Post-graduate student of the Institute of Philosophy, St. Petersburg State University.
Kadyshev А.S. (Hegumen Anthony), PhD of medical Sciences, PhD in theology, doctoral student, Church-wide postgraduate study and doctoral studies, Sts. Equal to the Apostles Cyril and Methodius, dentist of ANO CCH of St. Alexey.
Kuzmicheva A.A., Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, psychology and social management, Moscow aviation Institute (National research University).
Mazyaeva E.A., Candidate of philosophy, Military Academy of Communications named after Marshal of the Soviet Union S.M. Budyonny Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Nazlukhanov D.V., Applicant for the Department of Philosophy of the Humanities Institute North Caucasus Federal University.
Radchenko V.A., Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Management West-Moscow Region Institute of Tourism - a branch of the Russian International Academy of Tourism.
Ravochkin N.N., PhD in Philosophy. Associate professor of humanitarian and law disciplines department of Kuzbass state agricultural academy. Associate professor of history, philosophy and social sciences department of Gorbachev Kuzbass state technical university.
Rybakov S.V., Doctor of historical Sciences, Professor, Department of Russian history, Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg).
Shishkin N.E., PhD in Philology, Associate Professor at the department of journalism, Tyumen State University.
Smetankina L.V., Doctor of Philosophical Sciences, Military Academy of Communications named after Marshal of the Soviet Union S.M. Budyonny Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).