RELIGION AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
Kurabtsev V.L. The problem of the influence of Byzantine Orthodoxy on Rus-Russia
Kabylinskii B.V. Moai of the Easter Island: voices of the past conflicts
Ivanova A.V. The foundation of the monastery in honor of Saint Maron in 452: the origins of the veneration of the Syrian hermit
Anikina A.V. Virtue at the Nizhniy Novgorod Pentecostals in sociological measurement
Zhukova E.M. The principle of religious tolerance in the philosophical and religious discourse
Litvintsev D.B. Sociological aspects of the study of housing in world religions
Tkachenko S.O. Soviet-era postcard in the field of religious culture
PHILOSOPHY, SOCIOLOGY: ACTUALITY AND INNOVATION
Ryazanov D.A. Cyber socialization of youth
Zhang Lei The Influence of Socio-Governmental Factors on the Social Stability of Chinese Society: Correlation Analysis
Shoshina Yu.V. Student volunteering in context phenomenon of self-organization of Russian youth
Zhang Lei Transformation of social and work practices in organizations during the COVID-19 pandemic: preliminary sociological findings
The problem of the influence of Byzantine Orthodoxy on Rus-Russia
The article analyzes the problematic aspects of the influence of Byzantine culture on the Russian civilization and the Russian people. Antinomies considered arguments “for” and “against” the Byzantine system of our civilization and our soul. The historical intervals of reformatting of Russian civilization with their deliberate failure are emphasized. The conclusion is made about the failed strategy of Ukraine and its people having similar Byzantine archetypes.
Key words: Byzantine culture, the problematic influence of Byzantium on Rus-Russia, the reformatting intervals of Russia, the civilizational matrix of Russia.
Moai of the Easter Island: voices of the past conflicts
The article provides the author's thoughts on the conflicts of the past and present on Rapa Nui Island (Easter Island), inspired by the impressions of his own participation in an anthropological expedition to the island in August 2019. As a methodological basis, the preparation of this article used the works of Professor of Anthropology V. Malloy, as well as notes of the author's conversations with Doctor of Philosophy P. Pounell, whose fate has been associated with Rapa-Nui for more than 50 years. The article also attempts to separate the most popular misconceptions about Rapa Nui in mass culture from the real history of the famous island moai (Istucans).
Key words: anthropology, conflict, history, myth, Easter Island.
The foundation of the monastery in honor of Saint Maron in 452: the origins of the veneration of the Syrian hermit
The veneration of saint Maron, the hermit of Syria, whose memory is preserved by both Eastern and Western Churches, has its origins in the 5th century. This article makes an attempt to find correlation in the spreading of the veneration of Saint Maron, the Syrian anchorite, with the foundation of the monastery in his honour. The analysis of written sources allows us to conclude that the origins of veneration of the saint hermit was primarily associated with the faith in him as an adherent of the purity of christian doctrine. The circle of disciples who had personal relationships with the Syrian anchorite and who followed his style of ascetism and spiritual tradition is considered in the article. Their role is formulated in the spreading of the veneration of Saint Maron in the 5th century.
Key words: Saint Maron, Blessed Theodoret of Cyr, Syrian monasticism, veneration, Chalcedon doctrine, foundation of the monastery.
Virtue at the Nizhniy Novgorod Pentecostals in sociological measurement
The article presents the results of a sociological study conducted by the author among the parishioners of the Nizhny Novgorod Association of Churches of the Christian Faith by the Evangelical Bible Center “Embassy of Jesus”. The goal is to study the influence of socio-demographic characteristics of believers in the inherent virtues and those virtues that they wish to acquire. Identified characteristic morals of respondents. The gender perception of virtues is considered. The influence of education on the motivation to achieve virtues is studied.
Key words: virtue, moral qualities, pentecostals, Nizhny Novgorod region, gender, education, marital status.
The principle of religious tolerance in the philosophical and religious discourse
The article analyzes the specificity and essential features of religious tolerance. The author shows how religious tolerance manifests itself in historical realities. Its role in the life of society and its place in public-state relations are considered. The author makes up a conclusion that religious tolerance can “grow” from the public consciousness, but it can also be approved by political power (or both at the same time). Moreover, the first circumstance should be considered as prevailing factor. Toleration cannot be considered as a category of exclusively legal sphere, as for it is a fundamental ethical principle. Without it, not only the major empires of antiquity and the middle ages (Alexander the Great, Ashoka, Genghis Khan, Akbar the Great), but also the entire international community could not exist. Special attention is paid to the relevance of the principle of religious tolerance in modern conditions. The discourse is accompanied by numerous facts taken mainly from the history of the Russian Empire of the XVII – early XX centuries.
Key words: religious tolerance, intolerance, religious fanaticism, religious consciousness, humanism, evolutionary approach, ethics, law, Russian Empire.
Sociological aspects of the study of housing in world religions
A person spends a significant part of his time within the walls of his house, and the way he perceives his home, what function it performs for him, leaves an imprint on his life as a whole. This understanding becomes even more important in a pandemic (e.g. coronavirus). Despite the high degree of desacralization of the modern world, religious subtext continues to play a significant role in the perception of the surrounding reality. The article discusses the sociological aspects of studying housing in the religions that have the majority of followers around the world – Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. Guided not by a substantial, but by a functional understanding of religion, parallels are drawn between the religious concepts of housing and sociological approaches to its study. As a result, applying the classification of E. Durkheim, it is concluded that in Christianity and Islam the physiological interpretation of the housing as a social fact prevails, while in Hinduism (Vastu Shastra teachings) and Buddhism (Tibetan geomancy Sa Che) it is morphological.
Key words: housing sociology, sociology of religion, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, home, house.
Soviet-era postcard in the field of religious culture
The article examines the place of the illustrated postcard in the sphere of religious culture of the Soviet era. It is shown that the official postcard was an element of anti-religious propaganda and at the same time, in part, reflected the religious consciousness of the population of the USSR. The issue of participation of handicraft photo postcard in interpersonal religious communication is considered, thematic range of handicraft products of religious orientation and variants of written texts on handicraft cards are presented. It is noted that the handicraft photo postcards belongs as an artifact of mass culture to kitsch.
Key words: illustrated postcard, official postcard, handicraft photo postcard, Easter postcard, anti-religious propaganda, satirical drawing, interpersonal religious communication, kitsch.
Cyber socialization of youth
The article reflects a number of aspects of social interaction in modern society related to the growing role of the Internet in the life of young people. It is focused on the issue of cyber socialization. The important aspects and problems that arise in connection with the creating of new agents of socialization, the deformation of the usual communicative models, roles and statuses are highlighted. In the framework of primary socialization, a complex phenomenon is born associated with the fragmentation of society into communities that are formed through social networks. The influence of these communities may go beyond the role of the preparatory stage for full-fledged socialization, in particular, the social activity of an individual can be locked in this framework.
Key words: cyber socialization, socialization, the Internet, personality, youth.
The Influence of Socio-Governmental Factors on the Social Stability of Chinese Society: Correlation Analysis
In a rapidly changing world environment, in order to achieve sustainable development of the country, it is necessary to ensure stability at the national level, including the social stability of society. It is well known that social stability is influenced by many factors, among which social and administrative factors play an important role. The article, based on empirical data obtained as a result of a sociological survey among the population of China, through correlation analysis, assesses the influence of social and administrative factors on the social stability of Chinese society. As a result of the study, the author has proved the relationship between the efficiency of population income management, economic and social policy, political stability and social stability. Based on the results of the study, recommendations were developed to strengthen the social stability of the Chinese society.
Key words: Social stability, correlation analysis, socio-managerial factors, social management, China.
Student volunteering in context phenomenon of self-organization of Russian youth
The article deals with one of the most relevant topics of our time – the student volunteer movement. It has gained social significance in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, when voluntary movements have become one of the appropriate Responses to this global Challenge. In the Soviet past, volunteering was carried out within the framework of student construction teams, but today it reflects the ability of young people to self-organize. Within the framework of social philosophy, this category reflects the universal qualities of volunteerism, selflessness or altruism, mutual assistance and support.
Key words: self-organization, volunteerism, coronavirus pandemic, student volunteering, moral and ethical values.
Transformation of social and work practices in organizations during the COVID-19 pandemic: preliminary sociological findings
The article analyzes findings of the first empirical studies conducted by non-academic research centers and evaluating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on organizational and work practices. The focus of the studies motivated by the needs of corporate sector is mainly on short-term effects of lockdown and forced extension of remote work, as well as increasing needs of employees’ safety and well-being. At present, predominant descriptive nature of research and ‘pulse’ estimations of short-term effects don’t allow to evaluate the long-term pandemic impact on the most fundamental aspects of organizational functioning.
Key words: organizational practices, workplace, employees, remote work, COVID-19, pandemic.
Anikina A.V., Candidate of Science (Sociology), Assistant Professor of Department “Philosophy, Sociology and Political Science”, Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy.
Ivanova A.V., Post-graduate Student, Saints Cyril and Methodius Church-wide graduate school.
Kabylinskii B.V., Vice-rector for scientific work and international cooperation of the Finance Academy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Kurabtsev V.L., Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of the Philosophy of Moscow Region State University (MRSU).
Litvintsev D.B., External PhD student of social sciences, Novosibirsk State Technical University.
Ryazanov D.A., Graduate student. Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Shoshina Yu.V., Senior Lecturer, Applicant for the Department of Philosophy and Culturology, St. Petersburg State Agrarian University.
Tkachenko S.O., Director, Graduate student, Chelyabinsk state museum of fine arts.
Zhang Lei, Postgraduate student, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Zhukova E.M., Post-graduate student of the Department of state-confessional relations, of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.