PHILOSOPHY, SOCIOLOGY: ACTUALITY AND INNOVATION
Ternovaya L.O. Eco-evangelist: a profession of the future with deep roots in the past
Andrievskaya Z.V. Ethnical types of rationality: problem statement
Baykhanov I.B. Formation of digital competencies in the context of transformation of educational systems
|Ilyanova O.I. Social management of the teaching staff in conditions of quarantine measures
|Isaeva K.V. Digital leadership as a form of effective management in the context of modern socio-technological trends: theoretical aspect
|Mamedov A.K. A teenager in the “Man-Machine” system: internet addiction and deviant behaviors
|Simonov P.Y. Foreign agents as a subject of information and its influence on the information environment of the state
|Shastina A.E. Ecology of creativity: spiritual, moral and artistic manifestations
RELIGION AND SOCIETY
Melnik S.V. The Interreligious Council of Russia: the main areas of activity
Semenenko D.S. Orthodox mission in Malaysia. Problems and Prospects
Samun Mohammad Haroon Gender-based violence in modern Afghanistan: sociological diagnostics of the phenomenon
Ma Jiaqi The Moon concept in terms of etymological research in Russian and Chinese
Eco-evangelist: a profession of the future with deep roots in the past
One of the signs of changes taking place in the world is the emergence of not only new spheres of life and new industries, but also new professions. These include the profession of an environmental preacher, which is reflected in the “Atlas of New Professions” and has become a sign of the establishment of the foundations of environmental thinking in society. Specialists of this profession, relying on the peculiarities of the preaching mission, help people to better understand the interconnection of natural and socio-economic processes, to accept environmental values and begin to practice conscious consumption, reflecting responsibility for the consequences of actions for the world around them.
Key words: ecology, nature, safety, rhetoric, preaching, rational consumption, morality, ecological preacher.
Ethnical types of rationality: problem statement
This article aims to formulate the concept of ethnic types of rationality, which is more general in relation to the concept of scientific types of rationality. It is stated that the concept of scientific rationality is most often used in an unreasonably narrow sense, and the phenomenon of scientific rationality itself is a subsystem within the boundaries of a wider system of ethnic rationality in general. A theoretical extension of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is carried out, according to which the logical structures underlying ethnic types of rationality determine and often decisively influence one or another ethnic logic of thinking, and in the ethnic language they get their fixation (consolidation), in including in the language of science of this or that type of rationality. In a special way, it is stipulated that the means of studying various types of ethnic rationality are the concepts of methodological constructs and scientific subjects that are presupposed to any activity – both at its «pre-scientific» and at the «scientific» level itself – and these concepts cover an extremely wide range of phenomena of activity and behavior. The special status of the types of rationality is emphasized – they also do not have an objective status, but they are not reduced to human subjectivity in its narrow sense, they underpin the foundations of ethnic types of cultures, and through them – that «warehouse» of thinking of people belonging to a particular cultural tradition. Speaking about the specifically, Russian culture and the Russian type of rationality, their irreducibility to the Western and Eastern groups of the «warehouse» of thought and the corresponding types of rationality is specially stipulated.
Key words: ethnic types of rationality, rationality, scientific rationality, ethnic culture, ethnic language.
Formation of digital competencies in the context of transformation of educational systems
The article deals with the development of digital competencies that determine the transformation of national educational systems and approaches to the organization of the learning process. The paper reviews the foreign (European) practice of stimulating the modernization of education in the context of digitalization. The main digital skills are highlighted, the typology of digital leaders, their influence on the working team is given. It is concluded that digital transformation and the speed of its spread to one degree or another necessitates the modernization of educational systems and the restructuring of the content and technological support of education so that both current and future specialists have the necessary and, most importantly, relevant digital competencies.
Key words: digitalization, skills, competencies, educational systems, efficiency, modernization.
Social management of the teaching staff in conditions of quarantine measures
Like any social system, the educational system cannot be isolated, and, naturally, its elements are subject to the influence of external factors, which, in particular, include quarantine measures caused by the spread of a new viral infection. The article analyzes the impact of quarantine measures on the elements of the educational system at the level of a department of a higher educational institution and offers recommendations for the social management of the teaching staff in conditions of violation of established communication processes.
Key words: educational system, teaching staff, social communication, social management strategy, quarantine measures.
Digital leadership as a form of effective management in the context of modern socio-technological trends: theoretical aspect
The article discusses the theoretical aspects of digital leadership as a form of effective management, conditioned by modern global trends in socio-economic and technological development. The paper provides a review of foreign publications reflecting the problem of the formation of relevant skills and competencies of a manager in the conditions of digitalization. The main digital skills are highlighted, the typology of digital leaders, their influence on the working team is given. It is concluded that leadership is an extremely important function of any management, helping to maximize efficiency to achieve business goals. A digital leader cannot be effective without appropriate digital competencies, knowledge, and skills.
Key words: digitalization, management, efficiency, skills, competencies, digital leader.
A teenager in the "Man-Machine" system: internet addiction and deviant behaviors
The article addresses the problem of teenage Internet dependency. In analysing this issue, the author seek to identify the main symptoms and manifestations of Internet addiction, factors and reasons why the child left the virtual world. There is a decrease in the role of the family institution in the development and psychological education of a teenager's personality. A modern person, his family, his attitude, values, and views are transformed by social modernization, industrialization and urbanization processes. The author emphasize the dangerous development of the Internet, its destructive impact on the life of a modern person who is already incapable of real communication, solving everyday problems, and family relationships. They also present a possible way of decision this problem and positive development of the situation.
Key words: cyber-addiction, Internet addiction, cyber-civilization, virtual personality, informational vampirism, family nuclearization, informatization.
Foreign agents as a subject of information and its influence on the information environment of the state
The article examines various aspects of the interpretation of the definitions "social agent", "agent of influence", "foreign agent", etc., as well as the activities of these subjects of information in the information environment of the state. The theoretical basis of the influence of foreign agents on the information space is investigated from the point of view of national security, trends in the development of media and socio-political factors. In the course of the analysis, the author used general scientific methods: induction, deduction, observation, comparison, measurement, the system-analytical method, as well as the ascent from the abstract to the concrete.
Key words: foreign agent, agent of influence, subject of information, object of information, information space, information environment, national security, information security.
Ecology of creativity: spiritual, moral and artistic manifestations
The article deals with one of the most pressing problems related to the relationship between man and nature. The author analyzes this area from the point of view of not just the ecology of creativity, which is the most important manifestation of social ecology, but pays special attention to the spiritual and moral aspects of a person's creative search related to his invasion of nature. Understanding both the destructive component of this invasion and its new nature-saving manifestations becomes the task of art, which has a symbolic language capable of influencing the consciousness of creators and calling them to revere nature and learn from it.
Key words: nature, man, morality, spirituality, ecology, creativity, art.
The Interreligious Council of Russia: the main areas of activity
The article examines the activities of the Interreligious Council of Russia (ICR). The Council unites the heads of four traditional religions of Russia – Orthodoxy, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. The ICR is a unique organization for our country, within the framework of which interreligious dialogue is carried out at the highest level on a regular basis. There are four main areas of activity of the MSR: strengthening interreligious and interethnic harmony; countering terrorism; affirming traditional moral values; dialogue with the state authorities. The statements adopted by the ICR expressing the consolidated position of the religious communities of Russia on topical social problems are considered. The activities of the ICR are analyzed in the context of different types of interreligious dialogue.
Key words: interreligious dialogue, Russia; state-religious relations, peacemaking, interethnic relations, terrorism, religion, traditional values, Interreligious Council of Russia.
Orthodox mission in Malaysia. Problems and Prospects
The article deals with special features of orthodox missionary activity in Malaysia, the difficulties and challenges facing the mission are noted. Prospects for the development of missionary service in Malaysia are outlined, related to the strengthening of the positions of the Russian Orthodox Church in the region, development of the spiritual and educational direction of work with parishioners, educating clergy from the local population, provision of humanitarian aid.
Key words: Orthodoxy, mission, Russian Orthodox Church, Southeast Asia, Malaysia.
Samun Mohammad Haroon
Gender-based violence in modern Afghanistan: sociological diagnostics of the phenomenon
This article examines the problem of gender-based violence, that is, violence based solely or predominantly on the gender of the victim. Modern Afghanistan is considered as an example of a society subject to such phenomena. The main purpose of the analysis in this case is to prove the fact that women in Afghan society are a minority, not just directly and indirectly oppressed by gender, but under constant threat to life and health. The article discusses the current situation, as well as its historical dynamics in recent years, using relevant materials and personal observations of the author. It is concluded that in Afghanistan there are many forms of violence against women, and this violence has a specifically anti-female orientation, while the real situation is even worse than people imagine based on the information they receive from the media. Now that a group of militants and religious fundamentalists have taken control of all of Afghanistan, fears about women's rights are growing. When the Taliban took control of Afghanistan for the first time, in the 5th year of their five-year rule, they did not allow women to go out, nor did they allow them to work or study. International and US troops arrive in Afghanistan after five years of Taliban rule. Many women received education and were allowed to work during the twenty-year stay of foreign troops. However, the level of violence against women remained high. The Taliban captured Kabul again on August 15, 2021, and all but one of the provinces fell under Taliban control. Violence against women was high in Afghanistan even before the Taliban took control of the city. During the years of the previous Taliban rule, many atrocities were committed against women, which influenced the mentality of ordinary people, and they also began to commit acts of violence under this influence. Even during Republican rule, many areas were under Taliban control, and in those areas, violence against women was rampant. But neither journalists nor human rights professionals had access to these places, and no lawsuits were filed for cases of violence. Considering that the problem of women's rights in Afghanistan is very important and is the subject of numerous discussions, this study seems relevant and practically significant in terms of developing proposals for improving women's rights.
Key words: women, violence, Afghanistan, Taliban, human rights, freedom, traditional and modern discourse.
The Moon concept in terms of etymological research in Russian and Chinese
In this article the author turns to the dictionary definition of the concept "moon" in the Chinese language picture of the world. To achieve the goal, the study of concepts presented in fiction texts is valuable not only because it can give a conceptual picture of the world of specific authors, but also for the reason that it can show how individual conceptual systems reflect the collective thoughts. This is sometimes influenced by the ideological system that has developed in a particular culture playing a special role in enriching cultural perceptions.
The moon represents an astronomical object. In spherical astronomy celestial luminary may also be understood as a projection of an astronomical object on the celestial sphere, the moon is also referred to celestial luminaries.
Key words: China, concept, moon, world picture.
Andrievskaya Z.V., Associate Professor, Candidate of Psychological Science. Doctoral candidate, Southern Federal University.
Baykhanov I.B., Candidate of Political Science, expert.
Ilyanova O.I., Candidate of Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Theory and Methodology of Public Administration of the Academy of Management of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.
Isaeva K.V., Postgraduate student of the Higher School of Modern Social Sciences, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Ma Jiaqi, Master's Degree. Moscow State University.
Melnik S.V., Candidate of Sciences in Philosophy, Researcher at the Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Science (ISISS RAS); senior Research Fellow at the Center for Interreligious Dialogue, Bolgar Islamic Academy; associate professor at the Ss Cyril and Methodius School of Post-Graduate and Doctoral Studies.
Mamedov A.K., Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Sociology of Communication Systems, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Samun Mohammad Haroon, Master's student at the Department of Sociology. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.
Semenenko D.S., Graduate Student. Ss Cyril and Methodius Institute of Post-Graduate Studies granted state accreditation.
Shastina A.E., Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, associative professor of the Chair of Sociology and Management at Moscow Automobile and Road Construction State Technical University.
Simonov P.Y., 3rd year student, Sociology of Management", Department of Foreign Regional Studies and International Cooperation of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Ternovaya L.O., Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor MADI (The Moscow Automobile and Road Construction University).